There are or have been several movements regarding secession from the U. Only one of them — the seekijg of Vermont — succeeded. Among the unsuccessful ones, the most prominent included the proposed state of Long Islandconsisting of everything on the island outside New York City ; a state called Niagara, the western counties of New York state; the northern counties of New York state called Upstate New York ; making the city of New York a state; seekinv proposal for a new Peconic County on eastern Long Island; and for the borough of Staten Island to secede from New York City.
Article 4, Section 3 of the Constitution of the United States includes a provision that "no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. By the time Congress recognized Vermont and admitted it to the Union inthe Constitution was in effect and the legislature of New York had consented.
All later secession proposals would require similar consent. Tensions between what eventually became upstate and downstate New York had existed since Leisler's Rebellion in That rebellion was more heavily supported in the lower Hudson Valley, near modern New York City, than it was in the Albany area, which remained loyal to the English crown at the time, the Glorious Revolution was underway in England.
Although the rebellion was settled in when Leisler was executed, tensions between the upper and lower Hudson Valley remained high for another two decades afterward.
The only successful secession from the state of New York was that of Vermont inand whether that amounted to secession depends on the validity of New York's always disputed claim to Vermont. The disputed territory later became the state of Vermont. The government of New York refused to recognize the property rights of homesteaders who had settled there under the laws of New Hampshire from to Armed militias, formed by settlers in the region most prominently movex Green Mountain Boys prevented the government of New York from evicting settlers from their land and largely prevented New York from governing at all.
Sovereignty also continued to be relatively passively asserted by New Hampshire until After the United States Declaration of Independencethe people of the New Hampshire Grants as the region was then called could no longer hope for redress from the courts of England. Consequently, they issued the Vermont Declaration of Independence in Januaryincluding a long list of grievances against the government of New York.
For 14 years after that, Vermont functioned as a de facto independent country. The question of recognizing it and admitting it to the Union was occasionally discussed in the Continental Congress, but New York's representatives successfully opposed it. On March 2,New York's governor, Gukde Clintonasked Congress to declare war on Vermont, the object being to overthrow Vermont's government and reincorporate Vermont into New York, but Congress did not act, and some members proposed recognizing Vermont and offering it admission to the Union.
In the ensuing negotiations, Vermont's commissioners insisted on jhst settling the numerous real-estate disputes arising from conflicting land grants from New York, New Hampshire, and Vermont, rather than leaving those to be decided in a federal court. In Januarya convention called by the state of Vermont ratified the Constitution of the United States, declaring that it would be part of the law of Vermont as soon as Congress admitted that state.
In the battle over the ratification of the United States Constitution in —, Governor George Clinton in Albany, wishing to preserve his power, led the local Anti-Federalists in opposition, with support for the Constitution coming from Alexander Hamilton and the Federalistswho were largely urbanites and saw opportunity in a stronger national union mobed published The Federalist Papers as their manifesto in several New York City newspapers, including The Independent Journal.
There was a large divide, and with the recent independence of Vermonta threat of secession of New York City and the southern counties to the new Federal government. The leaders of Richmond Countywhich maintained an ambiguous position, threatened to New Jersey.
With secession threatening to marginalize Governor Clinton and a lightly developed upstate, the Constitution was ratified and the crisis passed. At the time, much of what is now upstate New York, particularly Western New York was disputed and unsettled frontier territory, with PennsylvaniaMassachusettsand Connecticut claiming portions of the mostly undeveloped land. This frontier land was not included in the Northwest Ordinancebut it was not until the Phelps and Gorham Purchase and the Holland Purchase that it became New York territory.
But the idea of leaving the United States proved too radical even in the turmoil of and was poorly received, especially after the Southern bombardment of Fort Sumter starting on April The neighboring City of Brooklynin contrast, was staunchly Unionist. Coincidentally, the upstate locale of Town Line, New York voted to secede from the Union, contributing five soldiers to the Confederate troops.
Twenty residents fought for the Union Army.
When gude as to the name of the new state, Breslin said the city deserved to keep "New York" and that upstate should be renamed " Buffalo ", after its largest city. A committee report was written but otherwise little action was taken, and the bill was reintroduced with one additional sponsor on the same date in Like Mayor Wood, Council Member Vallone emphasized the fiscal benefits of secession, with revenue now derived not from tariffs, but from Wall Street.
Council Member Vallone reintroduced the guiide in Should we raise taxes some more?
Should we cut services some more? Or should we consider seriously going out on our own? Infifteen towns in Sullivan, Delaware, Broome, and Tioga counties were reported to be looking into seceding from the State of New York and ing the state of Pennsylvania. One reason given seekng the movement was Governor Andrew Cuomo 's move to ban hydraulic fracturingwhich is legal in Pennsylvania. A abany Upstate New York statehood movement seeks separation due to taxation and economic concerns.
A separate but related movement only includes Western New York and sometimes portions of Central New York and the Southern Tier in the secession efforts as an independent state or commonwealth entitled "Niagara. Much of upstate New York unsettled by Europeans until the 19th century and inhabited only by the Haudenosaunee was not part of New York State during colonial times. Due to an oversight or perhaps to foster competition, two Kings of England Charles I and Charles II awarded the same upstate New York territory as part of sea-to-sea grants to Massachusetts Bay Colony and New York Colony respectively; Pennsylvania Colony also separately laid claim mvoed much of the territory now in gguide Southern Tier up until It was not untilwith the Treaty of Hartfordthat the dispute was settled; New York got territorial rights, but Massachusetts got to sell the land to developers.
Ina portion encompassing modern-day Erie, Pennsylvania given to New York in the treaty was sold to Pennsylvania. The Niagara Frontierwhich had been explored by and part of French Canadaserved as the western front of the Revolutionary War and as British territory the War ofand did not fall securely into American sovereignty until the end of that war.
An upper portion of the Province of New York seceded: the northeastern corner of the province became self-governing in during the American Revolution, and it was granted statehood in its own right as Vermont in It was the first nust in the union which had not been a separate British colony. Support for a alvany from within upstate surged in the second half mved the 20th century, possibly due in part to several U.
Supreme Court rulings see Baker v. Carr and Reynolds v. Sims that established a mandate of one man, one vote in all state legislatures.
The rulings gave New York City ificant legislative advantages over upstate, which coincidentally entered a prolonged economic and population decline at around the same time. Former State Senator and U.
Congressman Randy Kuhlfrom rural upstate Hammondsportadvocated splitting the state into "New York" and "West New York" and introduced several bills gudie that effect during his time in the state senate. Hawley, who had introduced similar bills ly, supported the idea on the grounds that the financial and logistic situations in each region of the state were vastly different. However, the New York State Assembly did not approve the enabling legislation.
East End newspapers speculated that the Assembly was afraid it would encourage a tidal wave of secessions in the state including Staten Island seceding from New York City  and perhaps even causing the division of upstate and downstate New York. This move to secede fell dormant in The "Greater City" exists yo a result of actions of the New York State Legislatureand, as such, could be reduced in size by the same mechanism.
A non-binding referendum in the borough guidw Staten Island was held in to consider whether it should be allowed to secede from the City. The New York City government and Mayor David Dinkins opposed the vote, contending that the referendum should not be guice by the state unless the city issued a home rule message supporting it, which the city would not. Governor Mario Cuomo disagreed, and the vote went forward.
He had campaigned on the promise that Staten Island's grievances would be addressed. Giuliani's plurality in his narrow victory over Dinkins was aided by mmoved support from Staten Island. Two of the borough's biggest demands were closing the Fresh Kills Landfill and making the Staten Island Ferry free, both of which were done. However, after the election of Bill de Blasio as Mayor in and the success of the Brexit vote in the United Kingdom ininterest in secession was revived.
These autonomous regions would, according to the plan, work in tandem with a token state government to comply with the U. The plan is to amend the State Constitution via a Constitutional Convention or a legislative majority.
An alternate plan is having municipalities to use the NYS constitution home rule clause to encourage the legislature to mved the amendment to the voters. The residual state government would still have an elected Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and Comptroller. Hypothetical division of New York State. Further information: History of New York state and State cessions.
Main article: New York City: the 51st State. Main article: Long Island proposed state.
See also: Peconic County, New York. New York: Farrar, Straus Giroux. The Buffalo News. Archived guied the original on July 30, Retrieved September 7, New York town that belonged to the Confederate States of America. Retrieved Binghamton, New York. Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved February 19, Another Bill Aims to Divide State. The Moveed1. Retrieved February 21, New York Times.
Retrieved November 1, Retrieved August 9, T-shirts for 51st WNY state [ permanent dead link ]. Albany's Insanity. Retrieved September 22, Steuben Courier. Split New York State? Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Batavia Daily News.